Babel is where we get the word "babbling" by the way.
Iraq is also modern day Babylon.
1 Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. 2 As people moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there.
3 They said to each other, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. 4 Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves; otherwise we will be scattered over the face of the whole earth.”
5 But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower the people were building. 6 The LORD said, “If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. 7 Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.”
8 So the LORD scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. 9 That is why it was called Babel—because there the LORD confused the language of the whole world. From there the LORD scattered them over the face of the whole earth.
I used to wonder why building the tower was a bad thing until I read:
12 How you have fallen from heaven,
morning star, son of the dawn!
You have been cast down to the earth,
you who once laid low the nations!
13 You said in your heart,
“I will ascend to the heavens;
I will raise my throne
above the stars of God;
I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly,
on the utmost heights of Mount Zaphon.
This is Satan talking, back when he was the angel Lucifer. He was cast out of heaven because he lusted after God's Throne and more. Satan is basically a God wannabe and will mimic everything God does to satisfy his delusions of grandeur.
I think the tower was physical a manifestation of man's pride and arrogance and Satan's desire to best God and because God will eventually establish his Kingdom on Earth. [In Revelation 21, God's city, New Jerusalem, will be about 1,400 miles in every direction. So it will be so tall it would reach through the current Earth's atmosphere which is only 372 miles (NASA)].
That and the coming Anti-Christ and Mystery Babylon will be a prophetic fulfillment of this Babel story. Symbolically, Babylon is Satan's city and Jerusalem is God's city. The Anti-Christ is Satan's Messiah while Jesus Christ is God's Messiah. See the mirror image?
Man's number is 6 because of our corrupt flesh that breaks God's laws (see 10 Commandments[link]
). We fall short of God's spiritual perfection which is 7. So New Babylon will be a One World System 666 (evil perfected) and God's coming Kingdom will be 777 (Holiness perfected).
We either belong to the 666 system of the 777 system.
Jesus said his Kingdom is not of this world. Any time man has tried to make Earthly utopias, it always created a hell on earth. Maybe that is why God stopped these people from building the tower.